Everyone Handles it Differently
A person experiences trauma when they fear for their safety, experience intense pain or witness a tragic event. How people respond to this trauma varies depending on their personality, resiliency, coping skills and other factors, as well as the type of trauma experienced. For example, some trauma is repeated, such as physical abuse or sexual assault. Other trauma only happens once but has long-lasting consequences, such as surviving a natural disaster or a brutal attack.
Going through trauma is not uncommon. According to the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, 60 percent of men and 50 percent of women experience at least one trauma in their lifetimes. Women are more likely to suffer sexual assault and domestic violence, while men are more likley to go through combat, disaster or physical assault.
If the trauma is not dealt with, the person may suffer long-term effects, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD affects 7-8 percent of the population at some point in their lives, which is a small portion compared to those who have experienced trauma. Some people are more at risk for developing PTSD based on age, gender, a history of mental illness or drug addiction and other personal factors.